What is Electric Vehicle?
An electric vehicle (EV) is powered by an electric motor for propulsion instead of a gasoline engine. Unlike a gasoline vehicle, which requires internal combustion engine to get power from gasoline in a gas tank for propulsion, an electric motor gains energy from a controller, which based on the driver’s use of an accelerator pedal to manage the amount of power. An EV uses rechargeable batteries to store and supply energy.
Types of EVs
Various brands and models of EVs in the market cater different driving needs. In fact, there are three main types of EVs: Hybrid Electric Vehicles (HEV), Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEV), and Battery Electric Vehicles (BEV).
1) Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV)
A HEV is propelled by both gasoline and electricity. HEVs cannot be recharged by plugging into an electricity source. To recharge the battery, electricity is transferred from the energy generated through HEV’s own braking system, this is known as ‘regenerative braking’.
HEVs use the electric motor to start and shut off the vehicle, the gasoline engine cuts in later on as load or speed rises. The electric motor and gasoline engine are controlled by an internal computer to achieve the best economy for driving conditions.
2) Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV)
A PHEV utilizes both gasoline and electricity to propel the vehicle. PHEVs can be recharged through both regenerative braking and plugging into an electricity source.
3) Battery Electric Vehicle (BEV)
A BEV is fully electric vehicle, meaning they are only powered by electricity that is stored in a battery and used by an electric motor. BEVs are also known as ‘plug-in’ EVs as they are recharged by plugging into an electricity source.
CEM has been promoting the use of EVs.
Benefits of EVs / Why EVs
EVs offer a number of great benefits over conventional cars without reducing your joy of driving.
- Compared with gasoline-powered vehicles, EVs reduce air pollution from harmful exhaust emissions, Battery Electric Vehicles can even achieve zero emission. EV is an effective tool to improve roadside air quality and combat global warming through reducing our collective carbon footprint.
- A number of automobile manufacturers are using more eco-friendly production and materials for EVs, such as employing recycled water bottles, plastic bags, old car parts and second hand home appliances.
- Most of nowadays EV batteries are recyclable.
Good to Our Health
- Reduced harmful exhaust emissions mean better air quality, which will lead to less health problems and costs caused by air pollution.
- EVs are also much quieter than gasoline-powered vehicles, the loudest noise is the sound of the wheels rolling across the pavement. Driving an EV means less noise pollution.
- According to Paragraph 3 of Article 16 of Law No 5/2002 and Law No 59/2015, there are 88 models of eco-vehicles meet the environmental standards for gas emission. They can enjoy subsidy of up to 50% of tax due with capped at MOP 60,000.
- According to Law No 16/96/M, EV owners enjoy the exemption from license tax in 2016.
Save Every Ride
- The operation of EV is generally the same as ordinary vehicles. However, the cost of every ride is much lower! For the same vehicle, the cost of electricity that EV consumes is around one third of the cost of purchasing gasoline, which made up about MOP 0.16 per kilometre.
Save Maintenance Cost
- With the absence of exhaust systems, starter motors, fuel injection systems, radiators and many other parts, less servicing can be expected than conventional vehicles, thus EV owners can save a lot in vehicle maintenance.